Report: NFPA's "Large-Loss Fires in the United States" (PDF)
Author: Stephen G. Badger
Issued: November 2017
*Errata issued December 7, 2017. Download the errata. (PDF)
In 2016, 25 fires in the United States resulted in losses of at least $10 million each, for a cumulative total of $1.4 billion in direct property losses. These fires accounted for 14 civilian deaths, 183 civilian injuries and eight firefighter injuries.
The largest fire in terms of direct property loss was the Chimney Tops 2 Fire, in Tennessee, with a loss of $911 million. The second largest was the Clayton Fire, a California wildfire that resulted in $175 million in damage.
Of the 25 large-loss fires in 2016, 22 involved structures and resulted in a total property loss of $348.6 million. The other fires included the two Wildland Urban Interface fires and one vehicle fire (a towboat) that resulted in combined losses of $1.1 billion.
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